The Best Way to Prevent Ticks and Fleas on Dogs

Home » Dog Health » The Best Way to Prevent Ticks and Fleas on Dogs

The most prevalent parasites on dogs’ skin include ticks, lice, fleas, and mites. Their prevalence in different dog breeds highlights the significance of tick management techniques.

Dog ectoparasites in adulthood reside on the skin and consume blood. Each parasite female can produce up to 50 eggs in 24 hours. The dog drops the eggs into the neighborhood, and soon, the next generation of ticks is created.

While some dogs with ticks on their skin display no signs of skin disease, others may exhibit hair loss, extreme itchiness, inflamed skin, or secondarily infected skin. Ticks can spread a variety of illnesses to both humans and animals.

According to the most recent studies, the best type of prevention from ticks and fleas are oral medications like Spinosad, Nitenpyram, and Lufenuron.

Let’s dig deeper into the most efficient ways of tick and flea bite prevention.

What Are Ticks and Fleas?

Ticks are blood-feeding parasites with powerful jaws that latch into people and animals. Ticks jump onto a host as they pass by and are found on grass and other plants.

Relatively little when they attach, they grow quickly once they latch on and begin feeding. When feeding, ticks and fleas may also change color, frequently changing from brown to pearly grey.

The Ixodes ricinus (sheep tick), sometimes known as the castor bean tick, is the most prevalent in the USA. Ticks start little, but if they eat a full meal, they can grow to be nearly a centimeter long!

Whereas fleas are tiny parasites, who feed on warm-blooded creatures, mostly animals.

Their body is brownish or black, but when blood-filled, it can take on a reddish black appearance. Dog fleas have six disproportionately short legs and large-jumping hind legs, the same as cat fleas.

Itchy red bumps are usually found under the armpit or in the fold of a joint, such as the elbow, knee, or ankle, as a result of dog flea bites.

The most frequent carrier of the uncommon bubonic plague is the flea. Infected rats can also spread bacterial diseases like typhus to people.

Serious flea allergic dermatitis can be brought on in pets by both dog and cat flea saliva, and similar allergic reactions in people have been linked to their waste.

You can check on this interesting article on The Effects of Secondhand Smoke on Dogs

How to Spot Them on the Skin?

The easiest approach to determine whether your dog has ticks is to closely inspect them, touching and looking for any strange lumps and bumps. Ticks frequently attach around the head, neck, and ears, so these areas are good places to start your search.

However, since ticks can attach anywhere on the body, it’s crucial to do a thorough examination. Any bumps should be carefully examined because ticks can be recognized by their tiny legs that are just below the skin’s surface.

If you’re unsure, go to your veterinarian for assistance. A veterinarian should always examine any new lumps, so don’t be afraid to seek guidance if you need it.

Although the area around the tick may enlarge, the skin there is frequently normal.

How to Safely Remove Ticks?

Avoid the temptation to simply remove a tick if you do find one. Pulling off a tick that has its mouthpiece buried in the skin may leave these components exposed and increase the risk of infection.

Tick hooks are specialized tools that are the best for removing ticks; they are relatively affordable and can be useful pieces of equipment. The mouthpiece of the tick is caught in a tiny groove in the form of a hook or scoop on these.

Make sure all fur is out of the way when you slide the tool in between the tick’s body and the dog’s skin. The tick should become loose by gently rotating the instrument. Those that have been removed should be carefully disposed of, and the area should get disinfected.

Different Types of Prevention


In the last 10 years, repellent collars have been shown as one of the most effective and simple ways of protection.

The chemicals in the more recent collars that repel fleas and ticks are continuously released from the collar and dispersed throughout the pet via the natural oils of the skin, coat, and hair.

The chemicals that kill fleas then stick to the skin and hair and offer an ongoing defense. There are numerous canine flea collar options with varying levels of efficacy.

The earlier varieties of collars include organophosphates, which, if exposed for an extended period, can have hazardous effects on dogs, cats, and possibly even people. Although permethrin collars are widely used and inexpensive, they can be exceedingly toxic for the pet.

Spot-On Medicine

Spot-on medications function as an insecticide to eradicate fleas on your dog or cat. The natural oils in their skin spread the substance all over their body after you apply the treatment.

After the initial application, the pesticide component in the therapy continues to leak from their hair follicles. Fleas are killed nearly instantaneously, becoming paralyzed and dying.

The owners should always remove their collar when applying for the medicine. They do this since collars can decrease the effectiveness of the medicine. They should also use the dosage only for one dog and avoid sharing the pipette with multiple dogs.

The solution should always be applied on the dorsal side of the neck to avoid itching and licking. And showers have to be postponed for at least 24 hours after applying for the spot-on medicine.

Oral Medication

Oral flea and tick medication treatments are available as chewable tablets or pills—instead of applying them as topical medications. When mature fleas bite your pet, they take up the medicine from the pet’s blood.

Different flea and tick treatments contain various active ingredients, some of which last for a few days and others for a month.

The following active substances are frequently used in oral treatments:

  • Lufenuron

This substance is ineffective against adult fleas. Any larvae that the adults do create can be destroyed by this medication. The Federal Drug Administration (FDA) has given its approval for canine and feline medications containing this substance.

Ticks are not killed by it, but their levels in blood and multiplications are lowered.

  • Spinosad

Spinosad doesn’t kill ticks; it only kills adult fleas.

The flea is killed by the overstimulation of its neurological system and eventually destroys the fleas. For dogs with epilepsy, Spinosad medications are not advised.

●      Nitenpyram

This insecticide kills adult fleas in as little as 30 minutes after application. It shouldn’t be used for ongoing flea control because it has no lasting effects.

Instead, if you are considering a quick excursion to a place like a dog park or boarding kennel, an ectoparasitic medication such as Nitenpyram might be a viable option.

It is important to note that most veterinarians use medication to kill fleas swiftly rather than as a prophylactic measure.


Ticks and fleas are a parasite that attacks warm-blooded creatures, among which are dogs. They stick to the skin and suck up blood but, in the process, can spread different types of infectious and deadly diseases.

The best way of dealing with these parasites is to prevent their attacks from happening by using collars, spot-on medicines, or oral therapy.

According to the most recent studies, the best type of prevention from ticks and fleas are oral medications like Spinosad, Nitenpyram, and Lufenuron.